Émile Durkheim formally established the academic discipline that we now know as sociology. You should know and understand his take on society, cohesion, collective conscious and solidarity.
Anyone who expects to survive in the world today whether within society or as a leader at time of crisis, his treatise: The Division of Labor in Society layout two distinct social paradigms which are still at odds today. He defines two very different theories of social order and solidarity.
Solidarity is the connection between individuals which bind them together into a social order or “cohesive social network”. Rightfully so Durkheim’s theory argued that solidarity is the cement which holds people together in a cohesive manner as productive and functional members of a civilized society. It is the key, of course, to allowing those individual members to experience a fulfilling life.
The Division of Labor in Society is a clear outline of two very disparate approaches to a cohesive society. Durkheim presents the two forms of solidarity as Mechanical and Organic. It has later been interpreted as small and large societies. I would argue that in fact it applies to the modern conflict of paradigms of the Self Reliant Individualist vs. the Urban Collectivism paradigm.
Attached below is and excerpt in plain text and then a scan from the original:
Whether your circumstances cause you to lead or follow, your survival factor will greatly increase if you understand the key points of human sociology. Political and social leaders would be well served to acquaint themselves […]
Political and social leaders would be well served to acquaint themselves with the complexities of the theory of Mechanical and Organic Solidarity. But it should not end there. There are other theories that enhance, extend […]
Pitirim A. Sorokin was a notable sociologist who lived from 1889–1968. He was one of the first social scientist (sociologists) to raise the alarm about what he saw as an emerging modern materialist culture. Sorokin […]